Journal of Applied Structural Equation Modeling, Volume 3 Issue 1 – Published online: Jan 2019

EXPOSURE TO WORKPLACE BULLYING AND SUICIDAL IDEATION: AN EXPLORATORY STUDY
Ernesto Rosario-Hernández, Ponce Health Sciences University, Ponce, Puerto Rico
Lillian V. Rovira Millán, 
University of Puerto Rico, Cayey, Puerto Rico
Stephanie Vega Vélez, 
Ponce Health Sciences University, Ponce, Puerto Rico
Rosael Zeno-Santi, 
University of Puerto Rico, Rio Piedras, Puerto Rico
Pamela Farinacci García, 
Pontifical Catholic University of Puerto Rico, Ponce, Puerto Rico
Lorraine Centeno Quintana, 
Ponce Health Sciences University, Ponce, Puerto Rico
Jessica Navedo Santos, 
Ponce Health Sciences University, Ponce, Puerto Rico
Bianca P. Feliciano Toro, 
Ponce Health Sciences University, Ponce, Puerto Rico
Raquel De Jesús Caraballo, 
Ponce Health Sciences University, Ponce, Puerto Rico
James Morell Fausto, 
Ponce Health Sciences University, Ponce, Puerto Rico
Suilarim Cepeda Fax,
Ponce Health Sciences University, Ponce, Puerto Rico
Mónica Cintrón Lugo,
Pontifical Catholic University of Puerto Rico, Ponce, Puerto Rico
Lourdes Colón Burgos
, Pontifical Catholic University of Puerto Rico, Ponce, Puerto Rico
Norma Sánchez Ortiz, Pontifical Catholic University of Puerto Rico, Ponce, Puerto Rico
Ivelize Sánchez Collazo, Pontifical Catholic University of Puerto Rico, Ponce, Puerto Rico
Liliana Díaz Pla, Ponce Health Sciences University, Ponce, Puerto Rico
Miguel A. Toledo Medina, Pontifical Catholic University of Puerto Rico, Ponce, Puerto Rico
Alondra S. Flores Quirós, Ponce Health Sciences University, Ponce, Puerto Rico
Orlando M. Pagán Torres, Ponce Health Sciences University, Ponce, Puerto Rico
Corresponding Author: Ernesto Rosario-Hernández | Email: [email protected]
ABSTRACT
There is evidence of the effects of exposure to workplace bullying on victims who may manifest symptoms of depression, anxiety, burnout, somatization, sleep difficulties, and posttraumatic stress; however, few studies have examined the impact of workplace bullying on suicidal ideation. The purpose of the present study was to examine the relationship between exposure to workplace bullying and suicidal ideation and how feelings of defeat and entrapment mediate this relationship. Also, it was intended to examine how rumination moderates this relationship.  As a framework, it was used the Integrated Motivational-Volitional Model of Suicide Behavior (IMV) in which has been integrated several theoretical models of suicide.  A total of 898 employed subjects participated in this cross-sectional design study. To examine the hypotheses, PLS-SEM model was used using the SMART-PLS program. Exposure to workplace bullying, defeat and entrapment were positively and significantly related to suicidal ideation. Meanwhile, feelings of defeat and entrapment mediated the relationship between exposure to workplace bullying and suicidal ideation and rumination moderated the relation between exposure to workplace bullying and feelings defeat. The results of the present study have both theoretical and practical implications, among which we can mention that results support and expand the IMV model of suicidal behavior.  The exposure to workplace bullying brings a challenge for the psychologists in the occupational health context, and human resources practitioners in the management of this phenomenon in organizations to prevent it and in a worst case scenario, to respond in an effective manner due to its individual and organizational impact.
Keywords: Workplace Bullying, Suicidal Ideation, Defeat, Entrapment, Rumination
Citation:  Rosario-Hernández et al. (2019), exposure to workplace bullying and suicidal ideation: an exploratory study, Journal of Applied Structural Equation Modeling. 3(1), 55-75.

Full-Text PDF

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.